Martin Haspelmath at LEL seminar

Posted on December 13, 2021 by



The final LEL seminar of this term will feature Martin Haspelmath (Max Planck Institute, Jena), who will speak on Method and theory in comparative grammar: Measurement uniformity vs. building block uniformity (abstract below). The speaker will deliver his talk via Zoom (https://zoom.us/j/8379113954), at 4pm on Tuesday 14/12/2021. There is also an option of watching this talk from Roscoe_2.3.

Method and theory in comparative grammar: Measurement uniformity vs. building block uniformity  
Martin Haspelmath   

In this presentation, I will contrast two approaches to worldwide grammatical comparisons: One is based on “measurement uniformity” and a clear separation between an autonomous comparative method and explanatory theories, while the second is based on the idea that languages are made from the same building blocks, so that the explanatory theory (i.e. the hypothesized uniform building blocks) is not autonomous from the method for comparison. The “measurement” metaphor is not widely used in comparative grammar research yet, but I use it to emphasize the value of distinguishing strictly between method and theory. I will illustrate this conceptual distinction with generalizations from my recent work on differential argument coding and other kinds of differential coding (Haspelmath 2021a; 2021b), which require uniform comparative concepts (uniform measurement), but which are based on an explanatory theory (the efficiency theory of asymmetric coding) that makes no reference to innate building blocks. I will also note that the distinction between measurement and building block uniformity is more basic than the distinction between “functionalism and formalism” (e.g. Bošković 2021).   

References   
Bošković, Željko. 2021. Formalism and, not vs, functionalism. LingBuzz. (https://ling.auf.net/lingbuzz/006337
Haspelmath, Martin. 2021a. Role-reference associations and the explanation of argument coding splits. Linguistics 59(1). 123–174. (doi:10.1515/ling-2020-0252
Haspelmath, Martin. 2021b. Explaining grammatical coding asymmetries: Form-frequency correspondences and predictability. Journal of Linguistics 57(3). 605-633 (doi:10.1017/S0022226720000535) (https://ling.auf.net/lingbuzz/004531)  

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